On Thursday 8 July, Franceâ€™s best-known intellectual celebrated his hundredth birthday â€“ and eight decades of an exceptional scientific career, driven by a keen ambition to build bridges between disciplines and explore all points of view, as testified by researchers in every field.
Numerous studies are being carried out in laboratories to develop medications that can treat SARS-CoV-2. New therapeutic strategies targeting the virus or the cell proteins it hijacks to its benefit are being tested and could offer treatments that are more effective and adapted to patients.
Biology Forty years after its discovery, HIV-AIDS has become a chronic disease thanks to triple therapies. Yet there is still no known cure for it and a vaccine is nowhere in sight. Monsef Benkirane, a virologist at the Institute of Human Genetics (IGH), gives an update on current research challenges.
Oceanography Dividing his time between France and Polynesia, the ichthyologist Ã‰ric Clua devotes his efforts to studying sharks, both to preserve their populations and to help prevent attacks on humans.
Ecology A recent report, co-authored by experts on climate change (IPCC) and biodiversity loss (IPBES) shows that these two phenomena are closely related. And although some solutions put forward to tackle either of the two may prove detrimental to the other, there are several possible ways of meeting this...
Biology Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people throughout the world each year. A century after it was invented, BCG remains the only vaccine against this infection, which is still poorly understood. Highly effective in children, its limitations have nevertheless been shown in adults.
astrophysics The LIGO and Virgo observatories have announced the very first sightings of the merger of a black hole and a neutron star. These discoveries should help gain a better understanding of how these compact bodies form and evolve.
Palaeontology The fossiliferous site of Bolt's Farm, in South Africa, spans millions of years of history, including episodes of climate change that impacted early hominids and their environment. To study it, researchers from the countryâ€™s National Research Foundation have teamed up with colleagues from the CNRS...