In the French city of Caen, GANIL's new heavy ion accelerator, SPIRAL2, has completed commissioning. The custom-built linear accelerator is even more powerful than its predecessor and will pave the way for the exploration, with unparalleled precision, of different scenarios for the formation of matter. CNRS News takes a look at the technical, technological and human prowess that enabled this unique project to be brought to completion.
Over 60 million years ago, superpredators such as ichthyosaurs, plesiosaurs and mosasaurs roamed the seas. But what exactly were these reptiles, which are often incorrectly referred to as â€śmarine dinosaursâ€ť? CNRS News asked three of the authors of â€śLa Mer au Temps des Dinosauresâ€ť (â€śThe Oceans at the Time of the Dinosaursâ€ť) to tell us more about these â€śsea monstersâ€ť.
Computer science All it takes is one click for your computer to be taken hostage by a malware program that will relinquish control only for a ransom. Upon the launch of Cybermallix, a CNRS joint laboratory with the software publisher Wallix, Jean-Yves Marion, director of the LORIA, explains how these attacks work,...
Literature With more than 500 documents from archives around the globe, a new collective volume translated into eight languages traces the history of PEN International, the largest worldwide writersâ€™ organisation, which is celebrating its centennial this year.
Marine biology Over the past few years, populations of purple sea urchins off the coasts of France have been declining. In Corsica, researchers at the Stella Mare lab, headed by Antoine Aiello, winner of the CNRS 2021 innovation medal, are taking action by monitoring natural populations and restoring stocks.
Geochemistry At the bottom of mines or beneath the ocean floor, drillings reveal the presence of vast communities of microorganisms in the subsurface of our planet. Scientists believe this could be due to natural radioactivity in rocks, which may offset the lack of sunlight and organic matter.